Rapid and effective osseointegration is a great challenge in clinical practice. Endogenous electronegative potentials spontaneously appear on bone defect sites and mediate healing. Thus, bone healing can potentially be stimulated using physiologically relevant electrical signals in implants. However, it is difficult to directly introduce physiologically relevant electric fields in bone tissue.
Several grafting materials have been used in sinus augmentation procedures including autogenous bone, demineralized freeze-dried bone, hydroxyapatite, β-tricalcium phosphate, anorganic deproteinized bovine bone, and combination of these and others. Yet, the issue of the optimal graft material for sinus floor augmentation is controversial.
Numerous bone grafts have been studied for augmentation of the healing outcomes of dental implants. The aim of this study was designed to compare the clinical and radiographic evaluation between immediate dental implant augmented with biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) coated with polylactide -co- glycolide (PLGA) and immediate dental implant alone.
Type I collagen and hyaluronic acid are both the main components of bone extracellular matrix, and play important roles in regulating a cell's behavior. In this study, the synergistic effects of type I collagen (Col) and hyaluronic acid (HA) on the biological properties of Col/HA-multilayer-modified titanium coatings were investigated.
The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of human dentine grafts for new bone augmentation. Materials & methods: Dentine grafts (demineralized dentine matrix [DDM] and mineralized dentine matrix [MDM]) were prepared and implanted in rats. Tetracycline was administered twice. Paraffin and resin sections were prepared from the harvested grafts and stained respectively with hematoxylin and eosin (in addition to tartrate acid phosphatase for osteoclasts) and Villanueva.
The bone implant contact (BIC) has traditionally been evaluated with histological methods. Thereupon, strong correlations of two-dimensional (2D) BIC have been detected between μCT and destructive histology. However, due to the high intra-sample variability in BIC values, one histological slice is not sufficient to represent 3D BIC. Therefore, our aim has been to correlate the averaged values of 3–4 histological sections to 3D μCT.