mesenchymal stem cells

Deletion of protein kinase D1 in osteoprogenitor cells results in decreased osteogenesis in vitro and reduced bone mineral density in vivo

Protein kinase D1 (PRKD1) is thought to play a role in a number of cellular functions, including proliferation and differentiation. We hypothesized that PRKD1 in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSC) could modulate osteogenesis. In BMMSCs from floxed PRKD1 mice, PRKD1 ablation with adenovirus-mediated Cre-recombinase expression inhibited BMMSC differentiation in vitro.

Acceleration of Fracture Healing by Overexpression of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in the Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

In this study, we engineered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to over-express basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and evaluated its effects on fracture healing. Adipose-derived mouse MSCs were transduced to express bFGF and green fluorescence protein (ADSCbFGF-GFP). Closed-femoral fractures were performed with osterix-mCherry reporter mice of both sexes.

Parathyroid Hormone Directs Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Cell Fate

Intermittent PTH administration builds bone mass and prevents fractures, but its mechanism of action is unclear. We genetically deleted the PTH/PTHrP receptor (PTH1R) in mesenchymal stem cells using Prx1Cre and found low bone formation, increased bone resorption, and high bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT). Bone marrow adipocytes traced to Prx1 and expressed classic adipogenic markers and high receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (Rankl) expression.

Lysine-specific demethylase 1 inhibitor rescues the osteogenic ability of mesenchymal stem cells under osteoporotic conditions by modulating H3K4 methylation

Bone tissue engineering may be hindered by underlying osteoporosis because of a decreased osteogenic ability of autologous seed cells and an unfavorably changed microenvironment in these patients. Epigenetic regulation plays an important role in the developmental origins of osteoporosis; however...

Reciprocal stabilization of ABL and TAZ regulates osteoblastogenesis through transcription factor RUNX2

Cellular identity in metazoan organisms is frequently established through lineage-specifying transcription factors, which control their own expression through transcriptional positive feedback, while antagonizing the developmental networks of competing lineages. Here, we have uncovered a distinct positive feedback loop that arises from the reciprocal stabilization of the tyrosine kinase ABL and the transcriptional coactivator TAZ.

A Novel Hybrid Compound LLP2A-Ale Both Prevented and Rescued the Osteoporotic Phenotype in a Mouse Model of Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis

Prolonged glucocorticoid (GC) administration causes secondary osteoporosis (GIOP) and non-traumatic osteonecrosis. LLP2A-Ale is a novel bone-seeking compound that recruits mesenchymal stem cells to the bone surface, stimulates bone formation, and increases bone mass. The purpose of this study was to determine if treatment with LLP2A-Ale alone or in combination with parathyroid hormone (PTH) could prevent or treat GIOP in a mouse model.