hyperparathyroidism

Osteoblast-specific deletion of Hrpt2/Cdc73 results in high bone mass and increased bone turnover

Inactivating mutations that lead to loss of heterozygosity within the HRPT2/Cdc73 gene are directly linked to the development of primary hyperparathyroidism, parathyroid adenomas, and ossifying fibromas of the jaw (HPT-JT). The protein product of the Cdc73 gene, parafibromin, is a core member of the polymerase-associated factors (PAF) complex, which coordinates epigenetic modifiers and transcriptional machinery to control gene expression. We conditionally deleted Cdc73 within mesenchymal progenitors or within mature osteoblasts and osteocytes to determine the consequences of parafibromin loss within the mesenchymal lineage.

Infrared spectroscopy indicates altered bone turnover and remodeling activity in renal osteodystrophy

Authors

Hanna Isaksson, Mikael J Turunen, Lassi Rieppo, Simo Saarakkala, Inari S Tamminen, Jarno Rieppo, Heikki Kröger, Jukka S Jurvelin

Abstract

Renal osteodystrophy alters metabolic activity and remodeling rate of bone and also may lead to different bone composition. The objective of this study was to characterize the composition of bone in high-turnover renal osteodystrophy patients by means of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic imaging (FTIRI). Iliac crest biopsies from healthy bone (n = 11) and patients with renal osteodystrophy (ROD, n = 11) were used in this study. The ROD samples were from patients with hyperparathyroid disease. By using FTIRI, phosphate-to-amide I ratio (mineral-to-matrix ratio), carbonate-to-phosphate ratio, and carbonate-to-amide I ratio (turnover rate/remodeling activity), as well as the collagen cross-link ratio (collagen maturity), were quantified. Histomorphometric analyses were conducted for comparison. The ROD samples showed significantly lower carbonate-to-phosphate (p < .01) and carbonate-to-amide I (p < .001) ratios. The spatial variation across the trabeculae highlighted a significantly lower degree of mineralization (p < .05) at the edges of the trabeculae in the ROD samples than in normal bone. Statistically significant linear correlations were found between histomorphometric parameters related to bone-remodeling activity and number of bone cells and FTIRI-calculated parameters based on carbonate-to-phosphate and carbonate-to-amide I ratios. Hence the results suggested that FTIRI parameters related to carbonate may be indicative of turnover and remodeling rate of bone.

Link to Article

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.10