growth plate

FGF signaling in the osteoprogenitor lineage non-autonomously regulates postnatal chondrocyte proliferation and skeletal growth

Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling is important for skeletal development; however, cell-specific functions, redundancy and feedback mechanisms regulating bone growth are poorly understood. FGF receptors 1 and 2 (Fgfr1 and Fgfr2) are both expressed in the osteoprogenitor lineage.

Chondrocyte-Specific Modulation of Cyp27b1 Expression Supports a Role for Local Synthesis of 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 in Growth Plate Development

The Cyp27b1 enzyme (25-hydroxyvitamin D-1-hydroxylase) that converts 25-hydroxyvitamin D into the active metabolite, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], is expressed in kidney but also in other cell types such as chondrocytes. This suggests that local production of 1,25(OH)2D3 could play an important role in the differentiation of these cells.