collagen

Decorin and biglycan are necessary for maintaining collagen fibril structure, fiber realignment, and mechanical properties of mature tendons

The small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs), decorin and biglycan, are key regulators of collagen fibril and matrix assembly. The goal of this work was to elucidate the roles of decorin and biglycan in tendon homeostasis. Our central hypothesis is that decorin and biglycan expression in the mature tendon would be critical for the maintenance of the structural and mechanical properties of healthy tendons.

Increased vascularization promotes functional recovery in the transected spinal cord rats by implanted vascular endothelial growth factor-targeting collagen scaffold

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is global health concern. The effective strategies for SCI are relevant to the improvement on nerve regeneration microenvironment. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important cytokine for inducing angiogenesis and accelerating nerve system function recovery from injury. We proposed that VEGF could improve nerve regeneration in SCI.

The synergistic effect of type I collagen and hyaluronic acid on the biological properties of Col/HA-multilayer-modified titanium coatings: an in vitro and in vivo study

Type I collagen and hyaluronic acid are both the main components of bone extracellular matrix, and play important roles in regulating a cell's behavior. In this study, the synergistic effects of type I collagen (Col) and hyaluronic acid (HA) on the biological properties of Col/HA-multilayer-modified titanium coatings were investigated.

Collagen V haploinsufficiency in a murine model of classic Ehlers–Danlos syndrome is associated with deficient structural and mechanical healing in tendons

Classic Ehlers–Danlos syndrome (EDS) patients suffer from connective tissue hyperelasticity, joint instability, skin hyperextensibility, tissue fragility, and poor wound healing due to heterozygous mutations in COL5a1 or COL5a2 genes. This study investigated the roles of collagen V in establishing structure and function in uninjured patellar tendons as well as in the injury response using a Col5a1+/− mouse, a model for classic EDS.

Fkbp10 Deletion in Osteoblasts Leads to Qualitative Defects in Bone

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), also known as brittle bone disease, displays a spectrum of clinical severity from mild (OI type I) to severe early lethality (OI type II), with clinical features including low bone mass, fractures, and deformities. Mutations in the FK506 Binding Protein 10 (FKBP10), gene encoding the 65-kDa protein FKBP65, cause a recessive form of OI and Bruck syndrome, the latter being characterized by joint contractures in addition to low bone mass.

Treadmill Exercise Improves Fracture Toughness and Indentation Modulus without Altering the Nanoscale Morphology of Collagen in Mice

The specifics of how the nanoscale properties of collagen (e.g., the crosslinking profile) affect the mechanical integrity of bone at larger length scales is poorly understood despite growing evidence that collagen’s nanoscale properties are altered with disease.