Rainer Lutz, Christina Sendlbeck, Hommeira Wahabzada, Christian Tudor, Christopher Prechtl, Karl Andreas Schlegel
The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility of supracortical peri-implant bone formation after periosteal elevation.
Materials and methods
Periosteal elevation with an elevation height of 5 or 10 mm was performed in an animal experiment with 24 female domestic pigs. For this purpose, four implants were inserted in the frontal bone of each animal. The implants protruded from the local bone by 5 or 10 mm. In the test groups, the periosteum was attached to the protruding implants. In the control groups, the implants were covered with biocompatible degradable periosteal-shielding devices. Each 8 animals were sacrificed after 20, 40 and 60 days. De novo bone formation was evaluated radiographically and histologically.
Bone formation rate was higher in the test groups compared to the control groups after 20, 40 and 60 days. After 40 and 60 days, a statistically significant higher (P < 0.01) bone formation rate was found for both elevation heights. The maximum height of the generated bone was statistically significantly higher (P < 0.01) in the test groups for both elevation heights, compared to the control groups for all time points investigated.
Periosteal elevation by dental implants is a treatment option for supracortical peri-implant bone formation.