Bin Hu, Xun-Zi Cai, Zhong-Li Shi, Yun-Lin Chen, Xiang Zhao, Han-Xiao Zhu, Shi-Gui Yan
We determined whether the addition of microbubbles enhances the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on bone–implant integration in an early-stage osteolysis model. The bone canals were injected with titanium particles before implantation to establish the periprosthetic osteolysis model. Before ultrasonic therapy, the microbubble-enhanced LIPUS group (GTi-Us-Mb) received an intra-articular injection of microbubbles. Biomechanical testing revealed that GTi-Us-Mb had significantly greater fixation strength than the LIPUS group (GTi-Us). Distal periprosthetic bone mineral density was also higher in GTi-Us than in the Ti group (GTi), but no significant increase was detected after administration of microbubbles. Histomorphometric analyses revealed that bone formation around the implant in GTi-Us was enhanced by the addition of microbubbles in GTi-Us-Mb. Taken together, our data indicate that microbubble injection enhances the inhibitory effect of LIPUS on debris-induced osteolysis and further strengthens the mechanical fixation of implants in an early-stage osteolysis model in vivo.