Lei Cao, Guangwang Liu, Yaokai Gan, Qiming Fan, Fei Yang, Xiaoling Zhang, Tingting Tang, Kerong Dai
Bone defects are common in elderly patients suffering from osteoporosis. Current methods of bone defect treatment for osteoporosis are not always satisfactory. In this study, we demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) harvested from goats with long-term estrogen deficiencies exhibited a lower proliferation rate and decreased osteogenic capacity, which are critical obstacles for bone defect repair in the elderly. However, by combining autologous enriched bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells with porous β-TCP, we successfully repaired critical-sized bone defects in the medial femoral condyle of the osteoporotic goats. Both micro-CT images and histomorphometry analysis illustrated improved bone formation following the enriched MSC therapy. Thus, we proposed autologous enriched bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells as a quick, safe therapeutic strategy to treat osteoporotic bone defects.